The Best Prophet of the Future is the Past
Estuaries and coastal waters (where the river
meets the sea)
Our main foci are:
Research Products and Publications:
More on our research can be found in web pages and abstracts linked to student researchers listed below.
Past Graduate and Honours Students
I welcome applications from students with a science background interested in conducting research on:
□ the process of salt marsh recovery and restoration
□ ecological services of recovering and reference salt marshes
□ agricultural use of salt marshes
□ differences in biogeochemistry of "natural", managed and recovering marshes
□ the paleoecology of dyked marshes
Most research has a field and lab component. The importance of either component will vary with the project as well as skills and interest of the student.
Those students eligible for scholarship programs are strongly encouraged to apply for those programs - note that federal (Canadian NSERC, USA NFS) and most provincial programs have fall deadlines for the following September.
Please see graduate info on the Geography Department web site for more information on applying to McGill. Send an email to me with a short resume (including GPA and course background) attached if you are interested in joining our team.
Torio D. and Chmura, G.L. under review. Assessing Coastal Squeeze of Tidal Wetlands. Journal of Coastal Research.
Hasan Khan, A., Levac, E. and Chmura, G.L. accepted pending revision. Future sea surface temperatures in Large Marine Ecosystems of the Northwest Atlantic. ICES Journal of Marine Science
Byers, S. and Chmura, G.L. in press. Observations on shallow subsurface hydrology at Bay of Fundy salt marshes. Journal of Coastal Research. Accepted Oct 2.
Pendea, I.F. and Chmura, G.L. 2012. High Resolution Record of Carbon Accumulation Rates During Boreal Peatland Initiation. Biogeosciences 9:2711–2717. doi:10.5194/bg-9-2711-2012
Pendea, I.F. and Chmura, G.L. 2012. Calibration of pollen assemblages and carbon nitrogen ratios to discriminate boreal wetland types. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 174:48-56. doi: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2011.12.003
Pendea, I.F. and Chmura, G.L. 2012. High Resolution Record of Carbon Accumulation Rates During Boreal Peatland Initiation. Biogeosciences Discussions http://www.biogeosciences-discuss.net/9/1115/2012/
Noël, P.E. and Chmura, G.L. 2011. Spatial and Environmental Variability of Pools on a Natural and a Recovering Salt Marsh in the Bay of Fundy. Journal of Coastal Research 27(5): 847–856.
Pendea, I.F., Costopoulos, A., Nielsen, C., and Chmura, G.L. 2010. A new shoreline displacement model for the last 7 ka from Eastern James Bay, Canada. Quaternary Research 73:474–484. Doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2010.02.001.
Yu, O. and Chmura, G.L. 2010. Soil carbon is maintained under grazing in a St. Lawrence Estuary tidal marsh. Environmental Conservation 36(4):312-320.MacDonald, G.K., Noël, P.E, van Proosdij, D., and Chmura, G.L. 2010. The legacy of agricultural reclamation on surface hydrology of two recovering salt marshes of the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Estuaries and Coasts 33:151–160. DOI 10.1007/s12237-009-9222-4
Graf, M.-T. and Chmura, G.L. 2010. Reinterpretation of historical sea level variation on the Bay of Fundy. The Holocene 20(1):7-11.
Chmura, G.L. 2009. Tidal Salt Marshes. In: Laffoley, D.d’A. and Grimsditch, G. (eds). The management of natural costal carbon sinks. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Graf, M.-T., Schwadron, M., Ross, M., Stone, P. and Chmura, G.L. 2008. An Enigmatic Mineralized Layer in Everglades Tree Island Peats. EOS 89(12):117-118.
Sunderland, E.M., Cohen, M., Selin, N.E., and Chmura, G.L. 2008. Reconciling Models and Measurements to Assess Trends in Atmospheric Mercury Deposition. Environmental Pollution 156(2):526-535.
Byers, S.E. and Chmura, G.L. 2007. Salt Marsh Vegetation Recovery on the Bay of Fundy. Estuaries and Coasts 30(5):869-877.
Hung, G.A. and Chmura, G.L. 2007. Heavy Metal Accumulation in Surface Sediments of Salt Marshes of the Bay of Fundy. Estuaries and Coasts 30(4):725-734.
Graf , M.-T. and Chmura, G.L. 2006. Development of Modern Analogues for Natural, Mowed and Grazed Grasslands Using Pollen Assemblages and Coprophilous Fungi Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 141:139-149
Chmura , G.L., Stone, P.A., and Ross, M.S. 2006. Non-pollen Microfossils as Indicators of Change in Everglades Ecosystems Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 141:103-119
Hung , G.A. and Chmura, G.L. 2006. Mercury Accumulation in Surface Sediments of Salt Marshes of the Bay of Fundy. Environmental Pollution 142: 418-431. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2005.10.044
Chmura, G.L., Vereault, S.A., Flanary, E.A. 2005. Sea Surface Temperature Changes in the Northwest Atlantic under a 2°C Global Temperature Rise. Pp. 9-21 In Tin, T. (ed.) Implications of a 2°C Global Temperature Rise for Canada’s Natural Resources. World Wildlife Fund for Nature White Paper. http://assets.panda.org/downloads/2_degrees.pdf
van Guelphen, L., Pohle, G., and Chmura, G.L. 2005. Impacts of Sea Surface Temperature Changes in the Northwest Atlantic under a 2°C Global Temperature Rise. Pp. 22-51 In Tin, T. (ed.) Implications of a 2°C Global Temperature Rise for Canada’s Natural Resources. World Wildlife Fund for Nature White Paper. http://assets.panda.org/downloads/2_degrees.pdf
Pospelova, V., Chmura, G.L. and Latimer, J . 2005. Dinoflagellate cysts as indicators of estuarine pollution gradients.for Marine Ecology Progress Series 292:23-40 . .
Beecher, C.B. and Chmura, G.L. 2004. Pollen-vegetation relationships in Bay of Fundy salt marshes. Canadian Journal of Botany 82:663-670.
Chmura, G.L., Santos, A., Pospelova, V., Spasojevic, Z., Lam, R., and Latimer, J.S. 2004. Response of three paleo-primary production proxy measures to development of an urban estuary. Science of the Total Environment 320:225-243.
Paquette, C., Sundberg, K.L. Boumans, R.M.J., and Chmura, G.L. 2004. Changes in saltmarsh surface elevation due to variability in evapotranspiration and tidal flooding. Estuaries 27(1):82-89.
Chmura, G.L. and Hung, G. 2004. Controls on salt marsh accretion: a test in salt marshes of Eastern Canadian. Estuaries 27(1):70-81.
Pospelova, V. and Chmura, G.L. 2004 Environmental factors influencing the spatial distribution of dinoflagellate cyst assemblages in shallow lagoons of southern New England (USA). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 128:7-34.
Chmura, G.L., Anisfeld, S., Cahoon, D. and Lynch. J. 2003. Global carbon sequestration in tidal, saline wetland soils. Global Biogeochemical Cycles pdf file
Latimer, J.S., Boothman, W.S., Pesch, C., Chmura, G.L., Santos, A., Pospelova,
V., and Jayaraman, S. 2003.Environmental stress and recovery: the geochemical record
of human disturbance in New Bedford Harbor and Apponagansett Bay, Massachusetts (
Chmura, G.L. 2003. Chapter 3.5 Salt Marshes and MangroveSwamps. In Isla, F. I. (ed.) Coastal Zone and Estuaries, In Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, EOLSS Publishers, Oxford, UK, [http://www.eolss.net].
Stone, P.A., Gleason, P.J. and Chmura, G.L. 2002. Chapter 3 Bayhead tree islands on deep peats of the northeastern Everglades. pp. 71-115 In Sklaar, F. and van der Valk, A.G. (eds) Tree Islands of the Florida Everglades. Kluwer Academic Press.
Pospelova, V., Chmura, G.L. Boothman, W. and Latimer
J. 2002. Dinoflagellate cyst records and human disturbance
in two neighboring estuaries, New Bedford Harbor and Apponagansett Bay, Massachusetts (
Connor, R.F., Chmura, G.L. and Beecher, C.B. 2001. Carbon accumulation in Bay of Fundy salt marshes: implications for restoration of reclaimed marshes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15(4): 943-954. pdf file
Chmura, G.L., Beecher, C.B., Helmer, L.L. and Sunderland, E.M. 2001. Rates of salt marsh sediment accumulation in the outer Bay of Fundy. Canadian Journal of Earth Science 38:1081-1092. pdf file
Chmura, G.L., Coffey, A. and Crago, R. 2001. Variation in surface sediment deposition on salt marshes in the Bay of Fundy. Journal of Coastal Research 17(1):221-227.
Connor, R.F. and G.L. Chmura. 2000. Dynamics of above- and belowground organic matter in a high latitude macrotidal saltmarsh. Marine Ecology Progress Series 204:101-110.
Sunderland, E.M. and Chmura, G.L. 2000. An inventory of historical mercury emissions in Maritime Canada. Science of the Total Environment 256(1):39-57.
Sunderland, E.M. and Chmura, G.L. 2000. The history of mercury emissions from fuel combustion in Maritime Canada. Environmental Pollution 110:297-306.
Chmura, G.L., A.N. Smirnov, and I. A. Campbell. 1999. Pollen Transport through Distributaries and Depositional Patterns in Coastal Waters. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 149(1-4):257-270.
Chmura, G.L., P. Chase, and J. Bercovitch. 1997. Climatic Controls on the Middle Marsh Zone in Fundy Saltmarshes. Estuaries 20(4):689-699.
Working Group on Sea Level Rise and Wetland Systems. 1997. Forecasting the fate of coastal wetlands. EOS 78(25):257/262.
Smirnov, A.N., G.L. Chmura, and M. Lapointe. 1996. Spatial Distribution of Suspended Pollen in the Mississippi River as an Example of Pollen Transport in Alluvial Channels. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 92(1-2):69-81.
Daoust, R.J., T.R. Moore, G.L. Chmura, and J.F. Magenheimer. 1996. Chemical Evidence of Environmental Changes and Anthropogenic Influences in a Bay of Fundy Saltmarsh. J. Coastal Research 12(2):420-433.
Magenheimer, J.F., T.R. Moore, G.L. Chmura, and R. Daoust. 1996. Methane and Carbon Dioxide Flux from a Macrotidal Salt Marsh, Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick. Estuaries 19(1):139-145.
Chmura, G.L and D. Eisma. 1995. A Palynological Study of Surface and Suspended Sediment on a Tidal Flat: Implications for Pollen Transport and Deposition in Coastal Waters. Marine Geology 128:183-200.
Mathison, S.W. and G.L. Chmura. 1995. Utility of Microforaminifera Test Linings in Palynological Preparations. Palynology 19:79-86.
Chmura, G.L. and P. Aharon. 1995 Stable Carbon Isotope Signatures of Sedimentary Carbon in Coastal Wetlands as Indicators of Salinity Regime. J. Coastal Research. 11(1):124-135.
Campbell, I.A. and G.L.
Chmura. 1994 Pollen Distribution
in the Atchafalaya River, Louisiana,
Chmura, G.L. and E.C. Kosters. 1994. Storm Deposition and Patterns of 137Cs Accumulation in Marsh Sediments of the Mississippi Delta Plain. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 39:33-44.
R. Costanza and E.C. Kosters. 1992. Modelling Coastal Marsh
Stability in Response to Sea Level Rise: a Case Study in Coastal Louisiana,
Chmura, G.L. and Kam-Biu Liu. 1990. Pollen in the Lower Mississippi River. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 64:253-261.
P. Aharon, R.A. Socki and R. Abernethy. 1987. An Inventory of 13C Abundances
in Coastal Wetlands of Louisiana,
Kosters, E.C., G.L. Chmura and A. Bailey. 1987. Sedimentary and Botanical Factors Influencing Peat Accumulation in the Mississippi Delta Plain. J. Royal Geological Society of London 144:423-434.Teaching (Courses I teach or have taught):
Past Coordinator of
The Canadian Geographer
BoFEP (Bay of Fundy Ecosystem Partnership)
Huntsman Marine Science Centre
Canadian Delegate to International Union for Quaternary Research Congress (1999)
Past newsletter editor
Canadian Association of Palynologists
Past International Councilor to International Federation of Palynological Societies
Department of Geography
805 Sherbrooke Street West
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2K6
phone: (514) 398-4111 fax: (514) 398-7437
Last updated 12/11/2011